In Finland, collective agreements are of general application. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. Finally, and not least, a collective agreement can make a big difference in your portfolio. For example, if you have a collective agreement, you get more compensation if you are at home with your child, if you are sick or unlucky enough to suffer a workplace injury. A collective agreement also has a really positive effect on your pension and the difference can amount to hundreds of thousands of kronor on the day of their work. Try it yourself in the computer below! Can your business be covered in different ways by a collective agreement? Traditionally, a collective agreement is defined as an agreement between a union or other workers` association, on the one hand, and an employer organization or a company, on the other. Section 13. Content and structure of collective agreements. The content and structure of collective agreements are defined by the parties. This link provides a comparative table of the legal obligation to consult workers` representatives on collective redundancies: /public/english/dialogue/ifpdial/info/termination/downloads/table4.pdf Content Collective agreements can address all issues of collective autonomy of social partners.
However, there are a number of exceptions to this principle. On the one hand, the law gives a positive delineation of the content of the agreements. Article 5 of the Collective Relations Act stipulates that they may govern the reciprocal rights and obligations of workers and employers; relations between states that are signatories to an agreement; dispute resolution procedures resulting from individual employment contracts, the introduction of conciliation, conciliation and arbitration mechanisms. This formulation reflects the distinction made by lawyers between the mandatory and prescriptive parts of collective agreements. In addition, the law (mainly in Article 6) contains a negative delineation of the content of the agreements.